Je to vaša prva čebelarska izkušnja?
Beekeeping can be very lucrative, especially for financial reasons. You can make extra money by cultivating honey for profit. It could also help you build a business.
There are many ways to gather information about honey beekeeping. There are many resources on the topic. It is important to learn as much as possible about the topic. It will make it easier to properly manage and handle bees. It will also make it easier to keep bees on your farm.
Beekeeping Hives – What, Which, And Where?
Beekeeping, like many other endeavors, requires equipment. Beekeeping supplies are needed to house, feed, protect, and extract honey. Before you can begin beekeeping, you need to have a place to keep the bees, and also have the ability to extract the honey later.
The right equipment will help you manage and keep bees. High quality materials should be used to make the frames and hives. This will make it easier to manage the bees and protect their health. You must ensure that the dimensions are correct to allow for the bees. It is important to know how the hives should be set up.
Let’s start with the beehive, as we call it. The hives consist of open-ended boxes that are placed on top of each others. There is a lid that covers the topmost box and a small opening at bottom box. This hive’s internal structure is very similar to the nests that bees build. The honey cells are located at the top of the hive. These cells contain honey. Below this are the pollen cells. Here, pollen is kept separate from other things.
Below these are the drone and brood cells, where larvae are nursed and fed. The queen cells are located last. The queen excluder is a mesh wire that stops the queen bee laying eggs in honey cells. It is located between the brood and honey cells. Reverend Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth was the first to patent this type of beehive in 1852. It had moveable honey cells, which you can easily remove and replace with another.
It is important to ensure that the hives are not placed in direct sunlight. These conditions can easily cause bees to become unruly and irritate them. The best orientation for hives is to face east. This is believed to have a positive effect on the bees. It is important to consider the location where the hives will be set up. Be sure to not place the bees on damp or wet ground. These conditions can lead to bee illness. You should look for areas with dry ground throughout the year. It is important to protect the hives against wild animals and raccoons.
Another tip to remember when setting up the hives: you should aim for at least two per acre. As far apart as possible. This gives them enough space to roam around and search for food. It is important that the hives are well-designed and spacious. This makes it easier to manage the bees. If you have bees, it is wise to invest in quality protective clothes. They will last longer and be more useful for you. You should never go out and handle bees without the proper gear.
A fresh water source is also important for bees. If you don’t have a bee-friendly source of water, you will need to provide it. Bees are good for the environment because they pollinate many natural plants as well as ornamental and crop flowers. Many farmers will allow beekeepers on their farms to set up a hive so that they can assist with pollination. Protect your hive from predators of all kinds. It’s not just honey-loving animals that need protection. The hive should be placed so that they are not too obvious for casual observers.
The Langstroth hive
The Langstroth hive is the most popular in the USA. This is also known as a movable-frame hive. This was the first hive to allow honey harvesting without damaging the honeycomb or colony. The Langstroth hive body is widely used by hobby and commercial beekeepers. It is a simple wooden rectangle that usually holds 10 frames. The frames support a thin sheet of plastic or beeswax foundation with a honeycomb pattern embossed on both ends.
The foundation pattern is followed by the bees as they build the honeycomb. Surprisingly, there is no top or base to the hive body. The frames hang suspended from the body. The body can hold 10 frames, but beekeepers prefer to have 9 evenly spaced frames per body. This allows the honeycomb to grow beyond the wooden frame, making it easier to uncapping the frames in order to extract honey.
The Top Bar Hive
The top bar hive is another popular type of hive. This type of hive has a simpler design and is cheaper to buy. This hive has many advantages over the Langstroth, including the ability to be used by hobbyists and those with disabilities. The top bar hive is on legs, so there is no need to bend to tend to the bees. It is easy to lower the height of anyone in a wheelchair. Foundation is not necessary, bees create natural (freestyle), honeycomb that they attach to the top bars. Honey is harvested by removing individual combs. This eliminates the need for heavy lifting.
This style of hive has a few drawbacks. The honeycomb is harvested with honey, so bees must rebuild the comb every time. This slows down honey production. You will need to consider where your hive is located, regardless of the style you prefer. It should be located near pollen and nectar sources.
You can now order the hive, and the queen bees. You can purchase a prepackaged bee hive or just the queens. They can then be shipped to your hive.
What else you need to know?
You should also be tested for allergies to bees. If you have a bee allergy, it can be dangerous to be around them. The smoker is a vital piece of equipment when handling and caring for bees. You will get better quality equipment and it will last longer. It is important to get a large one, as well. Avoid using sawdust that has been chemically treated around bees. This could easily cause irritation. After honey beekeeping has been going on for a while check to see if the honey is ready for harvesting. This should be done on a regular basis. You should use the correct equipment for the job. You should empty the honey into clean containers. Keep some for the bees.
To protect yourself from bee stings, you will need a veil, smoker, and a suit before you can even begin taking care of bees.
Once you have acclimated your bees to your hive, you will need a feeder to allow them to feed themselves. There are many ways to feed your bees. To extract honey from the bees once they start producing honey, you will need a honey extractor. You will need a hive tool to remove the top cover and access the honey frames. Once the honey frame has been secured, it can be removed from the top cover or the wax caps. The honey can then flow freely or you can extract the honey using centrifugal extractors. It can then be bottled and sold.
Once the hive has been set up, it is time to ensure that it does not become infected with fungal or parasitic diseases. You will need to keep a close eye on the hive and have a supply of antibiotics and fungicides. You should not use insecticides to kill parasites, as this will also kill the bees. You can start preparing for spring swarming once your bees have recovered from illness. It is important to plan carefully about what you will do with the queen bees, how many you want, and if the environment can support them.