What Equipments and good Practices should every beekeeper have?
Beekeeping can be a hobby for some, but it can also be a full-time job for others. You will need the right equipment and the right practice to keep bees healthy. Before you deliver your bee colonies, it is essential that you have all the necessary equipment.
What Beekeeping Equipment should every Apiary Manager have?
The right beehive is essential for honeybees. Place the beehives where humans and pets are less likely to come into contact with them. Strong winds must be kept away from the hives. Each hive must have five supers. These supers are where honey will be stored. They also serve as the nursery for new generations of bees. A super of beehives will have 9-10 individual frames. They can be shallow or deep.
Because foundations only need to be one size, the deeper supers make great bee equipment items. These supers are heavy once they have been stuffed with honey. When full, a super can weigh up to 100 pounds.
Protective clothing is essential for anyone involved in apiary work. You should have gloves, a beekeeper jacket, and a veiled head-cover. A full body suit is also available to provide complete protection for beekeepers from head to foot. You should make sure you choose the right beekeeping equipment to suit your needs.
You will need spacers and smokers to keep your beekeeping equipment running smoothly. Although the spacers will be used more often than the smokers, both are essential to your success in beekeeping. Spacers, articles of bee equipment, are simple. These are used to ensure equal spacing between super frames.
A small bee brush is an essential part of your beekeeping equipment. This brush is used to move the bees away from the frames and perform other duties related to the hive. This piece of equipment is used to remove the bees from the hive.
A fumer board is needed to remove honeycombs. This useful beekeeping equipment is impregnated in chemicals that repel bees.
A smoker is known to be an essential piece of equipment for beekeeping. When it is time for honey harvesting, smokers are usually used. A smoker consists of bellows, a funnel, and a chamber for combustion. The bellows help you keep the flames going in the combustion chamber. The funnel can be used to direct the smoke into the hive, causing the bees to leave while you finish harvesting. This tool can be described as your all-in-one bee equipment assistant. It is designed to open hives, perform frame scraping tasks, and even help in separating the components.
Why to Reduce Smoking in Honey Bee Colonies?
A smoker is a vital piece of equipment for beekeepers. It consists of a metal canister with bellows and a funnel-shaped lid. The canister is filled up with fuel, such as dead or decaying wood.
To reduce heat, protect the bees, and produce large amounts of smoke, the fuel canister is filled with leaves or grass. As a way to control the bees and prevent them from becoming nuisances, a beekeeper should always bring a smoker when inspecting a beehive. This is especially important if the beekeeper is working in an urban environment.
The beekeeper will smoke the smoke into the entrance of the hive and under the hive before removing the roof. Smoke is believed to calm the bees, making it easier to manage the hive and remove honey. This has been done since ancient times. The smoke disrupts the bees’ ability to communicate and coordinate an attack against a threat to their colony. The smoke is believed to trigger an instinct in bees that makes them believe there is a forest fire.
This causes them to eat their honey in preparation for leaving the hive. They keep the honey in their honey stomachs, and then eat it when they feel safe. Honey causes a bee’s abdomen to dilate, making it more difficult to make the necessary flexes for stinging.
Beekeepers should try to be more natural and gentle. It is a myth that smoke calms bees. How many of us would stay calm if there was smoke in our homes? The bees react in exactly the same way. Just as we might rush to save our precious possessions, they rush towards their honey supplies. Imagine how much stress and disruption the bees are experiencing when you consider it is a good beekeeping practice for a hive to be inspected at least once a week during peak summer season. It can take up 48 hours for a hive’s health to recover after a thorough inspection.
The hive must be free from smoke and smells so that normal scents and pheromones can circulate, allowing the colony to function again. The honey and nectar must also be restored. I’m not suggesting that you throw out your smokers. In fact, you should always have one lit nearby when inspecting your hives for any problems. To prevent other bees from being alerted and inflicting more stings, you should smoke the area where you were stung.
Be careful not to inhale too much smoke onto the frames. Instead of pushing it on the frames to get them to move, you can gently brush them off. A fine mist of water can be sprayed onto the frames, but not enough to make them damp. This is especially important if the day is cold. Always inspect your hives between 10 and 3 p.m. on a good day. You will find more foragers in the field, which means there will be less bees to manage. Also, absent bees won’t be able panic and gobble up the honey stores.
On a sunny day, you will find that the remaining bees in the hive will be more friendly. The bees will be more calm if you gently handle the hive with slow, confident movements. Bees are unable to hear, but they can be sensitive to vibration, so banging boxes and frames will cause a reaction. Be gentle with your bees. Most are very gentle, but if you have an aggressive colony, don’t ignore it. This usually solves the problem.
If possible, try to do internal inspections less often. If there is a lot of pollen being returned to the hive, it is likely that the queen is present. Swarming can be a problem during peak season, but if there is plenty of space, the chances of swarming being a problem from one week to the next are very low. You can therefore extend your inspection interval.
Avoid burning any material that may contain toxins, such as organic matter like rotten wood. Avoid cardboard, as many of the heavier types have flame retardants that can cause toxic fumes.
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